Understanding early signs

Dementia is a term that is used to describe a number of conditions that cause damage to the brain. This damage generally happens over time and will have a gradual impact on a person's ability to remember and to manage everyday life. 

Alzheimer's is the most common and well-known type of dementia. Other types of dementia include Vascular dementia, Lewybodies dementia and Frontotemporal dementia.

The early signs and symptoms of dementia may vary from person to person, and each type of dementia can have particular symptoms or characteristics linked to it. However, some general early signs and symptoms include:

  • Memory loss, particularly for recent events
  • Problems with language, difficulty finding the right word
  • Changes in mood and behaviour
  • Becoming confused in familiar surroundings or situations
  • Difficulty in following conversations, TV programmes or reading
  • Difficulty managing money and everyday tasks
  • Difficulty solving problems or doing puzzles
  • Loss of interest in hobbies and pastimes
  • Repeating a question or story several times without realising

Most people will experience a number of these signs and will find that they are having increasing difficulty over time. In general, signs and symptoms emerge gradually.

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